Rules Committee The Rules Committee of An Coimisiún le Rincí Gaelacha are responsible for the clarification and confirmation of the stipulations and rules for the dancing teachers and adjudicators of CLRG. All rules queries are forwarded to the Chair of the Rules Committee, for clarification The new Rules of An Coimisiún le Rincí Gaelacha (For Teachers and Adjudicators) document is available for viewing and download. Click here for the new CLRG Rules Document. Please read and familiarize yourself with this new document, along with our new transfer rule below. Click here for new CLRG Transfer Ruling CLRG%Rules%on%Presentation%% October%2015% 4.4.7. Where!chiffon!or!lace!material!is!used!as!sleeves,!the!sleeves!muststartatthe! shoulder!line!and!end!atthe!cuff.! Cothrom na Féinne san Iomaíochat. Sár Iarracht agus cairde buan. Ar aghaidh leis an Rince. We Are. A global network of Irish dancers and teachers that meet to compete, share knowledge and enjoy this rich culture. Eolas. Buíon rinceoirí gaelacha agus múinteoirí rince a thagann le chéile go minic chun dul san iomaíocht, eolas agus.
Here is a summary of the rules that directly affect students and their families: Rule 3.1.4 Where a pupil, formerly the pupil of a registered CLRG teacher, joins the class of another registered CLRG teacher, the new teacher must not enter that pupil in any registered competition until six months have elapsed (unless the pupil is allowed to compete by reason of Rules 3.1.5, 3.1.6, or 3,1,7) The Rules of An Coimisiún le Rincí Gaelacha The objective of An Coimisiún is to preserve and promote Irish Dancing including step dancing, céilí dancing and other team dancing
Rules Regarding Composition and Dimensions of Dancing Shoes (4.2 in CLRG Rule Book) 4.2.1 The heel and its top piece must consist only of leather, leather composite, plastic or fiberglass, or a combination of these materials The Secretariat to the CLRG is provided by the Company Law Development and EU Unit of the Department. 1.2 The Role of the CLRG The CLRG was established to ^monitor, review and advise the Minister on matters concerning company law. _ In so doing, it is required to seek to promote enterprise, facilitate commerce The transfer rule applies to all Irish Dance Organizations, not just An Coimisiun. A dancer transferring from one CLRG certified teacher to another CLRG certified teacher will undergo a six-month suspension from competition Not sure why Irish dancing and javelin need to follow the same rules. There are older age groups in other organisations so why not CLRG -- ., 31/07/21 8:44:25, Sat. because there needs to be a cut-off at some point. the event is SO large that it is unmanageable, and only fits in a very low number of venues. it's. Please consult the below files for RCCEA rules and guidelines for teachers, feis organisers, dancers and parents. As we are a Regional Council to CLRG, if there is a particular situation for which you do not find a rule in the RCCEA files, please consult the CLRG rules, as they automatically apply
About. The Irish Dance Teacher's Association of North America (IDTANA) operates in tandem with An Coimisiún le Rincí Gaelacha (CLRG) in Dublin, Ireland. All members of IDTANA must be registered and certified as a TMRF, TCRG or ADCRG by CLRG. IDTANA is represented at CLRG by the IDTANA Executive Board, the Regional Directors of North America. View the full list of CLRG rules here COMPETING IN NEW ZEALAND . Entry to dancing competitions around New Zealand under An Coimisiún le Rincí Gaelacha members are open to pupils registered with a certified TC.R.G. /A.D.R.C.G. The age of a competitor shall be taken as on 1 January Entry Dates: Friday, 28th January, 2022 5:00pm. Late Entry: Friday, 4 th February, 2022 5:00pm. Entry Date for competitors qualifying at Oireachtas Rince na hEireann 2022: Friday, 4th March, 2022. Fees: • Solo Dancing Championships: 120 Euros. • Team Dancing Championships: 25 Euros (Per Dancer Page 16 Rules and Directives for Dance Drama Page 17 World Dance Drama Championship Page 18 General Rules for Oireachtas Rince na Cruinne 2021 Page 23 Fees and closing dates Page 24 CLRG Media Policy and Information from the Marketing Committee 2 Oireachtas Rince na Cruinne - Covid 19 Restriction
Magdalene Stewart, ADCRG, RIP. We are deeply saddened to inform you of the passing of Magdalene Stewart,ADCRG. We send our thoughts and prayers to all of Madalene's loved ones. Magdalene's funeral will take place at 11.00am Vancouver time (7pm UK time) on Friday 30th April in Precious Blood Church 17475 59 Ave, Surrey, BC V3S 1P3 The new rules included a prohibition on the use of makeup or false eyelashes in competition for dancers under the age of 10, as well as a restriction on carriage aids, which assisted competitors to maintain a rigid posture. In 2014, CLRG estimated that some 250,000 dancers were taught under its jurisdiction Rules of Criminal Procedure: As a corollary to the penal code and sentencing guidelines, the CLRG is working to create a collection of rules of criminal procedure. These rules will govern the operation of the penal code and sentencing guidelines once they are put into operation - more information available at this link The Teelin School Dress may be worn by any Teelin dancers competing in feiseanna through the Prizewinner Grade level, and for Figure Teams.. Important: The skirt length of all Irish dance dresses should be at least 3 inches (preferably 4 inches) above the top of the knee cap. If too long, it hides a dancer's legs and can look sloppy while dancing
o All rules as per CLRG Costume policies o Dancer may wear Solo or Team Costumes, or black out attire o Per CLRG rules tights must be worn with a blackout skirt or dress for females aged 14 years and above o Correct Soft and Hard Shoes must be worn at all times. No carriage aids allowed o Natural hair or wigs are allowed, hair must be of Grade Exams. The Irish Dancing Commission (CLRG) has established 12 Grade Exams (plus an optional preliminary exam) for the purpose of offering a structured framework within which dancers can progress toward an achievable goal. Grade Exams are not new to the Irish dance world; however, they are currently a hot topic due to a recent ruling by CLRG
o All rules as per CLRG Costume policies o Dancer may wear Solo or Team Costumes, or; White or black short sleeve t-shirt, with black bottoms (trousers, shorts or skirts of an appropriate fit and length) o Per CLRG rules tights must be worn with a blackout skirt or dress for females aged 14 years and abov WORLDS. The CLRG World Irish Dancing Championships, the Oireachtas Rince na Cruinne, is an eight day annual competition typically held the week before and including Easter Sunday, open to qualified Open Champion dancers. Upcoming locations: 2022—Belfast, Northern Ireland, 2023—Montreal, Canada, 2024—Glasgow, Scotland Rules of Criminal Procedure As a corollary to the penal code and sentencing guidelines, the CLRG is working to create a collection of rules of criminal procedure. These rules will govern the operation of the penal code and sentencing guidelines once they are put into operation Music Speeds as per CLRG Rules. Grade Examination Rules: 1. A dancer may only take 3 grades at any one exam. 2. A three month period must elapse before the next grade is attempted. 3. Grade exams must be examined by at least 4 examiners up to grade 10 plus two different full examiners for grades 11 and 12. 4 CLRG is a closed platform, meaning CLRG dancers can't go to other organizations' feiseanna and they can't go to CLRGs. An Chomhdháil is closed platform in Ireland and the UK, but is open platform here in the USA. An Chomhdháil has very strict etiquette rules around dancer conduct, covering everything from social media to staying.
1.2 CLRG Work Programme 2018-2020 The Minister, following consultation with the CLRG, determines the programme of work to be undertaken by the Review Group, on a two-year cycle. This document will address item 5 of the Work Programme, which requests that the CLRG: ^Examine and make recommendations on whether it is necessary or desirable to adopt The NASDAQ C haikin Power US Large Cap Index is a rules -based, quantitative index designed to enhance an existing index (NASDAQ US 300 Index) by selecting stocks with the highest Ch aikin Power Gauge rating. The S&P 500 ® Index is widely regarded as the standard index for measuring large -cap U.S. stock market performance Dancers must wear a beginner level or school costume as per the CLRG rules. Under 8 years TRAD. JIG OR Competitor SINGLE REEL LIGHT JIG SINGLE JIG OR SLIP JIG TRAD HORNPIPE TRAD SET DANCE 1 Amelia Duncan 2 Joe Scott 3 Leila Lynch 4 Ava Duncan 5 Indi Rockhouse 6 Rylan Bowle An Coimisiun le Rinci Gaelacha (CLRG) All IDTANA Members are also members of CLRG, which is headquartered in Dublin, Ireland. The objective of CLRG is to preserve and promote Irish Dancing, including step dancing, céili dancing and other team dancing, and also to promote the use of the Irish language IDTANA - home. IDTANA's main objective is to promote the culture generated by Irish dancing. IDTANA Members are certified by An Coimisiún le Rincí Gaelacha (CLRG) and provide quality Irish dance instruction. Our dancers participate in solo, ceili, competitive, and recreational Irish dancing opportunities
After spending the last few years becoming a pro the many rules and workings of a feis at the grade level (Beginner-Prizewinner), you now have a completely different set of rules to learn as a newly graduated Championship dancer. To get started, here are the main differences you will notice However under CLRG rules a pupil who moves from one registered teacher to another cannot enter in any official competition until a period of six months has elapsed, counsel said We are the Regional Council of Continental Europe and Asia for CLRG - An Coimisiun le Rinci Gaelacha, with whom all our members are certified and registered. Our aim is to contribute to the worldwide growth of Irish Dancing within our region, through quality teaching, perpetual training and high-standard competitions and grade examinations Universal and enforcing - that's the problem. Nothing is really universal in the CLRG, nor is anything really enforced on a consistent basis, either. Look at how many rules are disregarded by judges and TC's and parents. Nothing is done and nothing will change, unless there is an overhaul of the whole system. -- just saying, 19:25:09 07/30/21 Fr
The CLRG and the Irish Dance Teachers Association of North America did not immediately return a request for comment. Community Rules apply to all content you upload or otherwise submit to this. DEAR Russell and Francis, Out of compassion for our Feis colleagues, our friends, attached you will find the 2020 Feis calendar. In addition, included is the list of those Feiseanna who have paid, but were unable to hold their events due COVID, thus holding their dates for 2021. It is the hope of the NAFC that these conditions will be honored. by CLRG. 1.3 In these rules: (1) A reference to a function includes a reference to a power, authority and duty, and (2) A reference to the exercise of a function includes, if the function is a duty, a reference to the performance of the duty. 1.4 The provisions of the Interpretation Act 2009 apply to and in respect of these rules i CLRG is the governing body for the global Irish Dance community overseeing competition rules and certifications for teachers, adjudicators and examiners. CLRG hosts Oireachtas Rince na Cruinne, the World Irish Dancing Championships annually during Easter week An Coimisiún le Rincí Gaelacha (CLRG) is the Irish Dance governing body. You can use this website to find information about the CLRG, the mission, history, rules, and news. In addition, you can find info about the World Championships here. STUDIO. 11260 Roger Bacon Dr Reston, VA 20190. EMAIL. firstname.lastname@example.org
Appendix 1 - Functions of the CLRG 12 Appendix 2 - Work Programme 2010-2012 14 Appendix 3 - CLRG Committees 2010-2012 15. 3 The Rules of the Superior Courts and case law judgements insofar as they relate to the Companies Acts, f) The approach to issues arising from the State' Step About EurAsia Challenge. 7 Oct 2020. RCCEA is running a non-competitive video challenge for our region's dancers of all levels, closing date is October 30th. READ MORE. Rules update 2020. 15 Jan 2020. Updated CLRG rules are posted in the relevant section of our website. READ MORE. Oireachtas final timetable According to CLRG's rules, Irish dancers must be residing in the region of the Oireachtas they want to compete in. This parent presented the issue to her dancer's TCRG, who brought the issue. Considering that tinting uses lots of easy, repeated motions, it is fairly an uncomplicated approach to release worried power. Drawing and also tinting has actually always been part of me practically my entire life, so I do not really see it like a vacation however rather a technique of life
Clann Lir Academy is registered with CLRG, An Coimisiún Le Rincí Gaelacha, 'The Irish Dancing Commission'. All teachers at Clann Lir are fully qualified and certified Irish dance teachers (TCRG), Scrúdú Teastas Mhúinteorac, with CLRG (see CLRG Rules for Registered Teachers & Adjudicators) World Irish Dance Association (WIDA) is a non-profit organisation devoted to promoting Irish dance around the world. WIDA organises competitions, examinations and workshops and strives to bring Irish dance into the hearts and feet of dance enthusiasts Moving from grades to prelim means longer dances, and potentially more challenging material. The reel and treble jig are now three steps, with the slip jig and hornpipe two and a half steps. It's also a chance to try new tricks, and lift your game. As dancers move up in level, it's important that they constantly grow, progress, and not. , he hasn't before and won't in future! -- Will CLRG hold him accountable? Doubt it, 23/05/21 20:29:08, Sun; A few have broken the rules, they should be dealt with and told not too travel -- Mum, 23/05/21 20:48:36, Sun; Yes if you live in Glasgow
It's basic, the only rules you give the kids are that it's the first team back with the item that would get the point. You might want to tell parents to give their children rules such as no running on the stairs. You don't want accidents. CLRG does not endorse, operate, or control any information, products or services provided by. Health forms that are not returned to the office before camp begins will result in lost privileges for the camper. This includes: Roommate Choices and Bonus Workshop Choices. We require two (2) health forms for camp attendance. Health Forms due JUNE 1st, 2021. Physical Examination Form Association Rule: A CLRG rule that stipulates that any person, whether registered with An Coimisiún or not, who gives a workshop in any form to a class should be regarded as being associated with that class and any other dancing school in which they have an involvement, whether directly or indirectly Following lengthy discussions with the venue and the City of Glasgow representatives and in line with the latest projections regarding the lessening of Covid-19 restrictions firstly in July and then again in August, we are delighted to announce that the Championships will be proceeding as originally planned
TCRG Examinations General & Eligibility. To become a candidate in the WIDA examination process, you must first be a member of the organisation. This does not preclude anyone taking part in our open platform competitions upon meeting entry criteria that may be required. The candidate must be at least 16 years of age (on date of exam) to attempt the first part of the Step Dance Teacher. Blackout Feis Rules. • No wigs, hair pieces, crowns, tiaras - hair should be kept neatly off the face. • Tops for girls: black leotard or black T-shirt, either short or long sleeved, but must meet the requirements set forth by the costume regulations: necklines must be at the collarbone level or above - low scoop or v necks that do. Yup. CLRG didn't take away the qualifier status, the Regional board did. -- Blame-shifting, 12:12:58 03/01/21 Mon. The SR didn't follow the rules which stated that if any part of the region could not attend, then it couldn't be a qualifier. DC-based dancers could not attend, but the SRO committee chose to ignore that fact and went ahead COMPETITION RULES 2021. The Feis will run in accordance with the Rules of An Coimisiún Le Rincí Gaelacha. Entries will only be accepted from persons currently registered with An Coimisiún. The lodgment of an entry will be taken to mean that teachers and pupils understand these rules and undertake to abide by them
Current CLRG Clients Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency Primary PA state agency for development and implementation of new, innovative criminal justice policies & program The CLRG offers the Grade Exams program to all dancers. It is a non-competitive series of competency/proficiency tests. Grade Exams - RULES AND REGULATIONS (per the January 1, 2018 syllabus). Dancers may only dance Basic Steps in the Preliminary grade and Grades 1, 2 & 3 It is awarded to those who have passed the exams set by the An Coimisiún and have also been certified as T.C.R.G. Local organizations may add additional rules to the basic rule set. There are seven CLRG regions in North America. An annual regional Championship competition is known as an oireachtas (pronounced oh-rock-tus) Oireachtas Rince na Cruinne (English: The Irish Dancing World Championships; often simply the Worlds) is an annual Irish stepdance competition run by An Coimisiún Le Rincí Gaelacha (the Irish Dancing Commission). The Worlds include competitions for solo stepdance, organised by gender and age; and for certain traditional and original ceili dances, also divided by age group and team gender. D ance instructor Jamie Hodges initiated defamation proceedings against An Coimisiún Le Rincí Gaelacha (CLRG), also known as the Irish Dancing Commission, at the High Court in Dublin last week
.S. Large Cap ETF real-time prices. View live CLRG stock fund chart, financials, and market news After an examination of New Jersey criminal law and a survey of New Jersey residents, the CLRG issued this Final Report (PDF). and invite application of different sentencing rules to similarly situated offenders. The Report examines how these grading problems came about, how they might be fixed, and how such grading irrationalities might be. Commercial Law Reports of Ghana (CLRG) launched in Accra. In an attempt to assist the Bench, the Bar, academia, the commercial world and readers in general on trade law, a branch of civil law, Commercial Law Reports of Ghana, (CLRG), has been launched in Accra. In this maiden edition, edited by Godwin Djokoto, twelve cases are reported covering. *Reminder per CLRG rules when competing in Black Out Costume all dancers 14 and older must wear opaque black tights, NOT poodle socks, failure to follow this rule will result in disqualification. Help Save the Planet Black Out Feis Syllabu
To meet CLRG considerations, appropriate is defined as not too short (mid-thigh length is appropriate), not too tight, no scooped necklines, no sleeveless or capped sleeve tops and no specific school identification by words, letters, or symbols. Please refer to the CLRG website for full costuming rules. 7. No outside food or drink public spaces To meet CLRG considerations, appropriate is defined as not too short (mid-thigh length is appropriate), not too tight, no scooped necklines, no no sleeveless or capped sleeve tops and no specific school identification by words, letters, or symbols. Please refer to the CLRG website for full costuming rules. 7 No outside food or drink in public.
An Coimisiun le Rinci Gaelacha wishes to update and inform its registered members worldwide of the current rules. It is important that teachers, adjudicators, parents and dressmakers are aware of, and work within, the updated regulations. The updated rules can be found here -. Feiseanna Organized and Sanctioned by IDTANA and CLRG for North America. The information posted on this website reflects approved IDTANA sanctioned feiseanna in each respective region, as provided by the Executive Board of each IDTANA region. All changes and updates will be made as provided by each regional body Dreams Come True Feis 2021. Sun, Aug. 08, 2021. Orlando, FL, US. Entries will close on Saturday, July 17, 2021 at midnight Or when cap is reached. **. Details/Register. Go to Feis website. An Chomhdhail - Open platform. Hosted by: Central Florida Irish Dance Fáilte! Welcome to The Musicians Guide to Féis I'm excited that you're interested in becoming a feis musician. It's a challenging but rewarding experience. Feiseanna are held all over the world, in Ireland, England, Scotland, Wales, all over Europe, the USA and Canada. Please note that the observations listed here are just a general guidelin CLRG lists upcoming exams on their web site, but the problem is that once an exam is announced, it's almost always immediately full. You need to apply at least 8 months in advance, and sometimes even as far as a year in advance (if you're a first-time candidate -- if you're repeating sections they can often squeeze you in later)
The WCIDTA is a non-profit society, comprised of registered teachers (TCRG) and adjudicators (ADCRG), who are members of An Coimisiún Le Rincí Gaelacha (CLRG), the governing body of Irish Dancing, as well as the Irish Dancing Teachers Association of North America (IDTANA). The WCIDTA is responsible for the administration and regulation of. The CLRG recommended the summary rescue process for companies with less than €12m in sales, a balance sheet smaller than €6m and/or fewer than 50 employees. Business Newsletter Read the. The IQ Chaikin U.S. Large Cap ETF (CLRG) seeks investment results that track, before fees and expenses, the price and yield performance of the NASDAQ Chaikin Power U.S. Large Cap Index. The NASDAQ Chaikin Power U.S. Large Cap Index is a rules-based, quantitative index, designed to enhance an existing index (NASDAQ US 1500 Index) by selecting. Update from Comhairle na Mumhan. A dhaoine uaisle The health and well-being of all teachers, dancers and parents is paramount. As per the guidelines from the Health Service Executive, we kindly ask everyone to exercise extreme caution and follow all protocols as outlined by the Health Service Executive at dance classes and events
CLRG's Worlds competition has been rescheduled for next year. An Coimisiún le Rincí Gaelacha (CLRG) has announced in a statement that its World Irish Dance Championships have been pushed into. Dance.net has free job and audition listings for dancers, instructors, choreographers, performers; live chat; kid-friendly dance forums; photo uploads; searchable database; and a great international community An Coimisiun le Rinci Gaelacha to maintain a high standard and quality of dance through out. We are the only Irish Dance school in Portugal , which has a TCRG -certified Irish Dance teacher with 20 years of dance experience all year round and guarantees their dancers the best available education in Irish Dance The 2021 Oireachtas is actively looking for sponsors and vendors. You too can support the Mainland European Irish Dancing Championship this year! These are the examples of 2019 packages: Gold Sponsor: Vendor, sponsor a competition and ad in Brochure - 1000€. Silver sponsor: Sponsor a Competition and ad in brochure - 650 € (schools 400 euros
AIDA Victoria is a not for profit incorporated association in Victoria operating with the purpose of nurturing and growing Irish dancing in Victoria and Tasmania. . The AIDA Victoria region encompasses Melbourne, regional Victoria, and Tasmania. We are a group of Irish Dance Teachers and Adjudicators registered with the Australian Irish Dance. CLRG Costume and Make-up Rules as of October 2015. Additional CLRG Costume Resources **NOTE: There is no longer a Mid-America costume restriction for u8 and u9 dancers, but please still contact Rebecca before purchasing any costumes. Search for: Recent Posts . DOWNLOAD: IDTACE Regional Syllabus Jan 2021 DOWNLOAD: IDTACE Numbering System 2021 Please contact the regional Feis Liaison, Eileen Moran, TCRG, for feis/syllabus related questions. Eileen can be reached at: email@example.com CLRG found that non-compliance comes in different forms such as the assignment of PWD focal persons with other concurrent positions in the LGU, placement of the PWD unit under the social welfare office, or the non-observance of the general assembly process that was stipulated in the IRR
All syllabi also available on the CLRG website: https://www.clrg.ie/feiseanna-exams/feis-test-new-page.html . Feis organisers, please be advised that Phoebe O. Welcome to the Cumann Rince Náisiúnta website. Learn to dance or teach the first three grades of solos and set dances. You can purchase DVD here: firstname.lastname@example.org. Cumann Rince Náisiúnta (CRN) was founded in 1982 by the late great Ita Cadwell along with 11 other teachers. They believed that all teachers should be protected and that all. Grade 4 = €50. Grades 5-7 = €75. Grades 8-9 = €100. Grades 10-11 = €125. Entering into the WIDA Grade Examination Process enables the candidate to achieve a strong foundation in Irish Dancing and, upon successful completion of all Grade Examinations, will be fully qualified to pursue a career in Irish Dance teaching This CLRG project takes the first step towards answering this question by presenting the first installment of the American Criminal Code. The project undertook an exhaustive review of every contested issue relating to the general defenses to criminal liability, including all justification, excuse, and non-exculpatory defenses
. Our objective is to preserve and promote Irish Dancing, including step dancing, céili dancing and other team dancing, and also to promote the use. rules - see the clrg website for details irish dancing has helped my dancer gain so much confidence, strength and skill. we have been welcomed into the community as a family and we enjoy doing local performances and travelling with our class to regional competitions. my dancer doesn't walk anymore, she skips and bounces everywhere she goes Q & A Criminal Law Research Group Part seminar, part clinic, part study abroad Seminar on Criminal Law Professor Paul H. Robinson Clinic on Criminal Code Drafting High-profile, real-world clients Opportunities for travel in conjunction with CLRG projects Client visits in the U.S. and abroad CLRG (Spring 2005) Criminal Law Research Group Real. 3. Choose Clrg with vend and Clrg with cust in the company code data section in both the customer and the vendor master records. Example. Below is detailed illustration of the setup for vendor clearing with customer. Set up Vendor Master Record. Go to the following path in SAP Easy Access menu
Rules These rules were approved by the IDTANA Southern Region on June 30, 2011 and are effective January 1, 2012 These rules are required to be included in the syllabus for all feiseanna taking place in the IDTANA Southern Region. 1.In the case of all solo and team competitions in all grades, the age of a competitor on 1st January of th Do not use abbreviations unless they are obvious. (AHDL only) The Title Statement should include a short, descriptive name for the design. Replace numbers with constants (or, in Verilog HDL, parameters) to provide meaningful names and a visual reference for all numbers. Only use 0 and 1 (AHDL & Verilog HDL) or '0' and '1' (VHDL) in the code Pupils are ineligible to compete in a registered Feis for six months from the date on which the relevant State Secretary receives the completed Transfer Form via email, or by postmark on the envelope if mailed as per CLRG Transfer Rules (01 January 2020). A transfer cannot be recognized unless a pupil attends the class of a new teacher Dancing competitions From 1890 there was a great revival of all things Irish including the language, theatre, sport, music and dance. The Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) had been formed in 1884 to promote Gaelic games 1997-JAN-2: Father Tissa Balasuriya of Sri Lanka wrote a book in 1990, titled: Mary and Human Liberation . He presented Mary, the mother of Jesus, as a strong-willed woman who worked for the liberation of oppressed people. He complained that the church teaches a contrary role of Mary, as a passive and docile woman