Miliary metastases mnemonic

Pulmonology Mnemonics Epomedicin

  1. MILLIARY OPACITIES DIFFERENTIALS - MILIARY. M: Metastases [thyroid, renal cell, breast, malignant melanoma, pancreatic, osteosarcoma, trophoblastic.], Multifocal micronodular pneumocytes hyperplasia MMPH [occurs in Tuberous sclerosis; the other one is LAM] I: Infections: TB, fungal, Chicken pox (don't forget the KFC
  2. Miliary cerebral metastases (or carcinomatosis encephalitis) is a rare form of cerebral metastastic disease 1. As with the use of miliary description in other conditions, the appearances are of innumerable tiny, punctate nodules, in this case scattered throughout the brain
  3. The term miliary opacities refers to innumerable, small 1-4 mm pulmonary nodules scattered throughout the lungs.It is useful to divide these patients into those who are febrile and those who are not.. Additionally, some miliary opacities are very dense, narrowing the differential - see multiple small hyperdense pulmonary nodules
  4. ation may lead to miliary tuberculosis when caseous material reaches the bloodstream from a primary focus or a caseating metastatic focus in the wall of a pulmonary vein (Weigert focus - Subintimal focus in pulmonary vien)

Don't forget to visit it for more mnemonics and useful tips on creating one. RxPG Mnemonics Database: Mnemonics Home | Add a Mnemonic Calcifying Metastases: tegs: 05-May-2004: 5.18: 5967: Causes of milliary mottling in chest x ray: muzammiloptimist: 27-Dec-2011: 5.44: 2920: CXR miliary shadow: suhra: 26-Nov-2014: 2: 1359: D/D of coin. Pulmonary metastases are common and the result of metastatic spread from a variety of primary tumors via blood or lymphatics. This article describes hematogenous pulmonary metastases with lymphangitis carcinomatosis discussed separately. Epidem.. Hand, foot, and mouth disease (Coxsackie) Dyshidrotic eczema/hand dermatitis. Secondary syphilis (classic palms/soles) Psoriasis/Palmoplantar pustulosis. Erythema multiforme. Tinea manuum and tinea pedis (one hand, two feet syndrome) Vitiligo. Warts

ANATOMY OF SPLEEN Location: Left hypochondrium Rule of odds (1,3,5,7,9-11): 1 inch thick 3 inches broad 5 inches long 7 ounces weight underlies 9-11 ribs Position: obliquely along long axis of 10 t An acronym for lower lobe interstitial lung disease: BADRASH: Bronchiectasis or BOOP. A spiration (chronic) D rugs (nitrofurantoin, hydralazine, INH, amiodarone, certain chemotherapeutics) or D ermatomyositis. R heumatoid arthritis (or other rheumatologic disease) A sbestosis. S cleroderma Miliary TB is a type of tuberculosis that has spread beyond your lungs. Those who are immunocompromised are especially at risk, because their immune systems can have trouble fighting the bacterium.

The 'mnemonic' for the first list is 'SHIT FACED' (alternative shaded fit). Sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis is a systemic disorder of unknown origin. Miliary TB: metastases of medullary thyroid ca, chorionca and melanoma. In both miliary TB and metastases the nodules have a random distribution The number of metastatic foci ranges widely, from solitary to miliary. Primary tumors vary in their tendency to produce single versus multiple metastases depending on their site of origin. For example, lung carcinoma (especially small cell), breast carcinoma, and melanoma typically produce multiple metastases, whereas metastatic colorectal. The mnemonic for miliary lung disease is listed in Table 14.4. Most tumors that metastasize to the lungs do so a little at a time—one metastasis in January, three in February, two in April, five in May—so that the radiographic picture is nodules varying in size Miliary metastasis. Miliary metastasis (MM), also termed as carcinomatous encephalitis, which was originally documented by Madow and Alpers in 1951, is a very uncommon form of brain metastasis . This condition is usually seen as an advanced stage of the primary malignancy, and pulmonary adenocarcinoma is the most frequent primary tumor

Calcification of metastases is seen most commonly with osteosarcoma and chondrosarcoma (Figs. 7.39 and or after successful treatment of metastases . A miliary nodular pattern of metastases is seen most commonly with thyroid or renal carcinoma, bone sarcoma, trophoblastic disease, or melanoma

Miliary cerebral metastases Radiology Reference Article

So, by all means remember the components of the CHARTS mnemonic for exam purposes, but bear in mind that in practice a CXR with upper zone fibrosis is most likely to represent a patient with CF, old TB, previous breast cancer or occasionally sarcoidosis. Related Case Studies. Miliary metastases - CXR. Right upper lobe consolidation - CXR Miliary tuberculosis. A 65-year-old female with dyspnea was admitted as her pneumonia was not improving despite treatment. The CT was performed with a suspicion of pulmonary embolism. The images show multiple small cavitary nodules in the upper and lower lobes on both sides. Microbiology proved positive for tuberculosis T3 any size, direct extension into chest wall, superior sulcus, diaphragm, pleura, pericardium, or within 2 cm of carina. T4 mediastinal (heart, great vessels, esophagus), carinal, brachial plexus, vertebral body invasion or malignant pleural effusion → unresectable. Nodes. N0 no LN involvement

Non-small cell lung cancer with miliary metastases | Image

A: Miliary describes an appearances similar to the millet seed (the grain from the hay-like millet grass). They are tiny seeds that measure approximately 2 mm. On a chest radiograph, a miliary appearance describes multiple, diffuse, discrete nodules that measure approximately 2 mm. From the case: Miliary tuberculosis. Diagram FNA cytology is a quick, accurate, minimally invasive, and safe technique to evaluate patients and aid in triage of unexplained lymphadenopathy. 18 If a reactive lymph node is likely, core needle. Appreciating the significance of an imaging finding is as important as its recognition, and normality on a radiograph is a function of many factors, including age, body habitus and composition, radiograph or computed tomography (CT) image quality, and position. Experience and practice leads to both sensitivity in detecting subtle.

Miliary opacities (lungs) Radiology Reference Article

Choroidal metastases are the most common intraocular malignancies. The prevalence of uveal metastases from all forms of carcinoma is between 2% and 9%, with a mean of 7% for breast cancer and 5% for lung cancer (Kanthan et al, 2007). The origin of choroidal metastases is predominantly breast cancer in woman and lung cancer in man One Hundred Eggs. Menu and widgets. Pages. About; Assumptions; Contact; My Other Businesses. I Hold Drinks; Silver Plum Personal Che

Medicowesome: Tuberculosis mnemonic

Miliary brain metastases, also termed as Carcinomatous encephalitis, are an extremely rare form of cerebral metastasis. Here in this article, we report a 52 year-old male patient with miliary brain metastases originating from occult lung adenocarcinoma Miliary brain metastases from malignant melanoma. Rainov NG(1), Burkert W. Author information: (1)Department of Neurosurgery, Martin-Luther-University Halle, Germany. Malignant melanoma represents the third most common cause for central nervous system metastases after breast and lung cancer Metastatic foci of small nodular form, accompanied by calcifications, were also found in the brain parenchyma. We diagnosed miliary metastasis of lung carcinoma. Conclusions: To the best of our knowledge, this is the third report of calcified miliary brain metastasis confirmed by autopsy. We describe calcified lesions that increased in size. Miliary lung metastases have been reported to be frequently observed in nοn-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with major EGFR mutations, which consist of exon 19 deletion and exon 21 L858R. However, it remains undetermined whether NSCLC with minor EGFR mutations possesses characteristics similar to those with major EGFR mutations

Start studying Mnemonics. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. Miliary masses. TEMPEST TB, fungal dz EG Metastases - Breast and prostate Paget disease Athletes Fluorosis; Subjects. Arts and Humanities. Languages. Math Miliary brain metastases, also termed as Carcinomatous encephalitis, are an extremely rare form of cerebral metastasis. Here in this article, we report a 52 year-old male patient with miliary brain metastases originating from occult lung adenocarcinoma. There were no significant findings on his initial physical and neurological examinations except limited cooperation

Radiology Mnemonics - RxP

miliary TB miliary fungal disease hematogenous mets uncommonly sarcoidosis. appearance of centrilobular nodules. mnemonic Squamous Cell Metastases Tend to Cavitate Squamous cell carcinoma, Sarcoma Colon Melanoma Transitional cell carcinoma Cervix, during Chemotherapy Nonenhancing lesions are less likely to be metastases. Contrast-enhanced MRI is the best method for detection of meningeal tumor seeding, which appears as abnormal dural enhancement. This is a nonspecific finding; however, in the correct clinical setting, it correlates with the presence of sheets of tumor cells affecting the meninges Papillary thyroid carcinoma - with miliary metastases. Case contributed by Dr Hani Makky Al Salam. Diagnosis certain Diagnosis certain . Presentation Chest radiograph and CT demonstrate miliary metastases from papillary thyroid cancer. Chest radiograph and CT demonstrate miliary metastases from papillary thyroid cancer. Chest radiograph and CT demonstrate miliary metastases from papillary thyroid cancer. ×. Approach to HRCT interpretation: Dominant pattern? - Reticular - Nodular - High attenuation eg ground glass opacity, consolidation - Low attenuation eg cystic, emphysema Nodules in secondary lobules - Centrilobular - Perilymphatic - Random Distribution in lung Reticular pattern (septal thickening) Regular: interstitial pul.edema, lymphangitic carcinomatosis Regular septal thickening in.

Radiology of Tuberculosis

Papillary thyroid carcinoma - with miliary metastases. Case contributed by Dr Hani Makky Al Salam. Diagnosis certain. CHORUS is a hypertext medical reference. More than 1100 documents describe diseases, anatomy, and radiologic findings Sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis is a rare differential diagnosis of pulmonary cavitary nodules. Less than 1 per cent of patients with sarcoidosis develop cavitary nodules. They are reported as rounded or oval-shaped and are usually found in the perihilar or peripheral areas [ 24 ] Papillary thyroid cancer (as is the case with follicular thyroid cancer) typically occurs in the middle-aged, with a peak incidence in the 3 rd and 4 th decades. It is more common in women with an M:F ratio of 1:2.5 (range 1:1.6-3:1) 2. It accounts for the majority (~70%) of all thyroid neoplasms and 85% of all thyroid cancers 2,4 When autocomplete results are available use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Touch device users, explore by touch or with swipe gestures

Random: miliary TB, metastasis, fungal infection; High-attenuation pattern. Hazy increase in lung opacity without obscuration of underlying vessels (consolidation = obscuration of underlying vessels). Zone predominance can help lower the differential diagnosis: - Upper zone: Respiratory bronchiolitis, PC Multiple nodules -canonball appaernace (choriocarcnoma)Metastatic lesions 43. Miliary TB 44. Tuberculoma: It appears Round or oval, sharply circumscribed nodule that isseldom more than 4 cm in diameter. Central calcification and satellitelesions are common, as is calcification of hilar lymph nodes

Overview. A chest X-ray, commonly abbreviated CXR, is a projection radiograph (), taken by a radiographer, of the thorax which is used to diagnose problems with that area.. Problems identified through chest x-rays. Examples of such problems include but are not limited to: Pneumothorax, sometimes tension pneumothorax (though this is usually diagnosed clinically because of its acute nature Sensitivity: in 83 93% correctly identified bleeding site (50 85% within 1st hour, may become positive in 33% only after 12 24 hours); collection as small as 5 mL may be detected; superior to sulfur colloid. 50% sensitivity for blood loss <500 mL/24 hours. >90% sensitivity for blood loss >500 mL/24 hours The presence of lytic and blastic lesions on skeletal radiographic films is common in patients with prostate, lung, or breast cancer metastases. Bone scans are sensitive for detecting abnormalities found in myelophthisic anemia and for detecting bone metastases, while magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of the involved area can detect marrow. Jun 26, 2019 - Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is one of the causes of hypervascular metastases. RCC is one of the more common cancers to present at an advanced stage because the primary can be asymptomatic WW is the range of HU displayed and WL is the HU in the center of the window width. An example: A typical stroke window setting is WW 40 and WL 40. This means that a total range of 40 HU is displayed, centered on a density of 40 HU. Therefore, the actual range of HU displayed is 20 to 60 HU

Pulmonary metastases Radiology Reference Article

Metastatic pulmonary neoplasia is an interstitial disease and most often causes an interstitial pattern. The distribution may be diffuse and miliary (adenocarcinoma), proportionate nodules (hemangiosarcoma, melanosarcoma) or disproportionate nodules (some carcinomas) Mirel's Criteria or Score - Mnemonic. Mirel's scoring system rates 4 criteria from 1 to 3 with maximum possible score of 12 to assess the risk of pathological fracture due to metastases and also serves as a guide for considering prophylactic fixation. The parameters of the criteria can be remembered using the mnemonic MIREL'S This mnemonic was sent by Mr. Kamal A.P. for benefit of all our readers. Also called Sister Mary Joseph sign, refers to a palpable nodule bulging into the umbilicus as a result of metastasis of a malignant cancer in the pelvis or abdomen. Jone V (5) had Miliary TB [Jone's-5th-Meta-Tarsal-Base]). Alternatively remember aVulsion 5th. V. Miliary brain metastases were first described by Madow and Alpers in 1951 as carcinomatous encephalitis. It is a rare presentation of brain metastases. The primary tumors reported to be responsible for calcified brain metastases are breast, lung, ovarian and colon cancers. Neurologica

Miliary metastases from papillary thyroid cancer | Image

Chapter 7 - Tuberculosis Infection Control. 192. Infectiousness. The infectiousness of a TB patient is directly related to the number of droplet nuclei carryin The mnemonic to remember this is, The deeper you go, the sweeter it gets. miliary (disseminated) tuberculosis is a common cause of Addison disease in developing countries. Metastatic. The TFSOM mnemonic was later extended with 'Using Helpful Hints. metastases and absence of miliary disease (multiple, diffuse, small-sized, dark punctuate lesions on CT) has been associated. • Incidence of pulmonary metastases: mnemonic CHEST Miliary pattern is common c. Resistant strains in institutionalized patients are common d. There is a lack of inflammatory cells in pathologic specimens e. Patients respond to antituberculous medications with the same level of efficacy as nonimmunocompromised patient

Lists, Common Differential Diagnoses, and Mnemonics

A19.0 Acute miliary tuberculosis of a single specified site A19.1 Acute miliary tuberculosis of multiple sites A19.2 Acute miliary tuberculosis, unspecified A19.8 Other miliary tuberculosis A19.9 Miliary tuberculosis, unspecified A20.0 Bubonic plague A20.1 Cellulocutaneous plague A20.2 Pneumonic plague A20.3 Plague meningitis A20.7 Septicemic. The paraaortic and lumbar nodes at the level of the kidneys will most likely be infiltrated by metastasis of testicular cancer because testicular lymphatics run in close association with the testicular vessels and drain the testicles and epididymis. Testicular cancer is said to be a disease that is especially dangerous for young men HIV or human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is a chronic condition that requires daily medication. HIV- 1 is a retrovirus isolated and recognized as the etiologic agent of AIDS. HIV-2 is a retrovirus identified in 1986 in AIDS patients in West Apr 1, 2018 - Posteroanterior radiograph shows a multitude of fairly well-circumscribed nodules and masses ranging in diameter from 1 to 5 cm, scattered.. Usually, if these opacities are multiple, rounded with well defined borders (nodules or masses) they are malignant (cannon ball metastasis). Bronchopneumonia also shows a heterogenous opacitiy but it's bilateral, patchy, scattered and not well defined. Miliary T.B. Shadows will appear like small numerous fine dots. II)Black opacities: (air)

eosinophilia mnemonic. Neoplasm (ovarian) Asthma. ASA/adrenal. Connective tissue disorder. Parasitic. chronic urticaria think thyroiditis ^^^B12 seen in polycythemia vera. hypereosinophilic syndrome marker - anti-PDGRFalpha/beta. aspirin allergy - nasal polyps. what estimates risk of stroke in non rheum a-fib? CHADS2. chf . htn >140/90. age >75. Aspergillosis. Case 18. Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) Case 19. Mycetoma. Case 20. Mycetoma on a background of tuberculosis with incidental gastric mesenteroaxial volvulus. Case 21. Monod sign (aspergilloma Radiopaedia is a rapidly growing open-edit educational radiology resource that has been primarily compiled by radiologists and radiology trainees from across the world. Our mission is to create the best radiology reference, and to make it available for free, forever. Find out more here or watch the history of Radiopaedia video below Remember mnemonic---A N D U for types of interstitial pneumonias which are. 3-Some of these opacities could coalesce together forming bigger nodules similar to that of metastases, if you find this appearance, you can diagnose lymphangitis carcinomatosis. 1-7-5-Miliary TB (1) 1-7-6-Tuberculous empyema. (1) 1-7-8-Pericardial pad of fat (1 Chest Wall Lesion. Metastatic lesions to ribs are common.; Occasionally, these lesions expand and encroach on the lung, masquerading as a lung lesion. The characteristic extrapleural signs, namely the peripheral location, indistinct outer margin with a sharp inner margin and biconcave edges help point towards the true location of the lesion

Splenomegaly - Mnemonics, Simplified concepts and Thought

Chapter 8 Endocrinology Sonali J. Shah, Thomas A. Brown, MD, Anna Radwan, Henry L. Nguyen Insider's Guide to Endocrinology for the USMLE Step 1 Endocrinology on the USMLE tests your ability to reason through complex-appearing problems and is therefore a favorite subject among examiners. Luckily, these problems become quite straightforward with a bit of practice Although differentiation of MMPH from miliary metastatic or granulomatous disease is difficult, MMPH should be considered in the differential diagnosis when multiple tiny pulmonary nodules are present in patients with TS (, 38). Figure 12. MMPH in a 19-year-old man Tuberculosis is an acute or chronic infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis.TB is characterized by pulmonary infiltrates, formation of granulomas with caseation, fibrosis, and cavitation. People living in crowded and poorly ventilated conditions and who are immunocompromised are most likely to become infected • Swelling of joint— X-ray MRI Aspiration (for culture) Swelling of joint Mnemonic: X MAS • Epithelial tumors of bone Adamantinoma—Tibia Mnemonic: Ad on Tb Ameloblastoma—Mandible Mnemonic: Mandi ka mela • Bone metastasis BPL—Breast carcinoma, Prostate carcinoma, Lung carcinoma Pure osteoblastic—Prostate carcinoma Carcinoid tumor. <p>This playlist contains images to help refresh your memory.  Some cases contain clinical information, some do not.  They were provided from various sources all over the world and contain links to articles written in a wiki format (so, the information may be different from what you learned).  When in doubt, refer to your textbooks or class notes.  Please know.

mnemonics Clinical Pearl

Real-World Virtual Patients: Case-Based Simulation Using Actual History and Physical Exam Data to Improve Diagnosis. S. Kotwal 1, M. Fanai 1, A. Bery 1, N. Tevzadze 1, D. Gold 1, Z. Wang 1, W. Fu 1, R. Omron 1, B. Garibaldi 1, S. Wright 1, D. Newman-Toker 2. 1 Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. 2 Armstrong Institute, Center for. Secondary malignancy - Mets 3. Non-malignant - Fibrous dysplasia 4. Chondrosarcoma 5. Enchondroma 6. Eosinophilic granuloma 7. Neurofibromatosis Soap-Bubbly Lesion 1. Metastases, esp. kidney, thyroid, lung 2. Giant Cell Tumor 3. Plasmacytoma 4. Chondrosarcoma Lesions with Associated Soft Tissue Masses 1. Multiple myeloma 2. Metastases 3. Mayo Clinic Challenging Images for Pulmonary Board Review is a collection of over 150 entities selected from over 1,500 examples of very unusual intrathoracic conditions, spanning more than 45 years of service by a highly respected clinician. Appropriate images of all these conditions are shown along with the pearls of how to interpret the chest x-ray and other images

Miliary TB: Differential Diagnosis, Vs

Uveal melanoma (UM) is the most common intraocular cancer. In recent decades, major advances have been achieved in the diagnosis and prognosis of UM allowing for tailored treatments. However, nearly 50% of patients still develop metastatic disease with survival rates of less than 1 year. There is currently no standard of adjuvant and metastatic treatment in UM, and available therapies are. Chronic granulomatous (gran-u-LOM-uh-tus) disease (CGD) is an inherited disorder that occurs when a type of white blood cell (phagocyte) that usually helps your body fight infections doesn't work properly. As a result, the phagocytes can't protect your body from bacterial and fungal infections. People with chronic granulomatous disease may. Medullary thyroid carcinoma recurs in about 50% of patients and may present a diagnostic challenge, especially in the case of liver metastases which tend to be miliary. MIBG provides high specificity but low (30%) sensitivity and is used primarily in locating adrenal medullary hyperplasia or pheochromocytoma in MEN syndromes

The Radiology Assistant : Common disease

Articles. Articles are a collaborative effort to provide a single canonical page on all topics relevant to the practice of radiology. As such, articles are written and edited by countless contributing members over a period of time. A global group of dedicated editors oversee accuracy, consulting with expert advisers, and constantly reviewing additions.. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers

Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link Epidemiology. Tuberculous cervical lymphadenitis is the most common manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis and is a very frequent cause of a peripheral lymphadenitis in the developing world. Additionally, in industrialised nations, there is a resurgence among intravenous drug users and the immunocompromised population, especially those due to HIV 2,3 Tuberculosis (TB) is a multisystemic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (or TB, TB germs), a rod-shaped bacterium. TB (TB may stand for the disease or the bacteria that cause the disease) is the most common cause of infectious disease-related mortality worldwide (about 10 million people worldwide were sick with TB in 2017, and about 1.3 million people died from TB. A lung cavity is defined radiographically as a lucent area contained within a consolidation, mass, or nodule. 1 Cavities usually are accompanied by thick walls, greater than 4 mm. These should be differentiated from cysts, which are not surrounded by consolidation, mass, or nodule, and are accompanied by a thinner wall. 2 The differential diagnosis of a cavitary lung lesion is broad and can be.

Hematologic malignancies of the liver

Dec 4, 2019 - Descarga gratis esta Foto de Radiografía del pecho de una mujer y descubre más de 9 Millones de fotos de stock en Freepi The American Academy of Dermatology was founded in 1938. It is the largest, most influential and representative dermatology group in the United States. With a membership of more than 19,000, it represents virtually all practicing dermatologists in the United States, as well as a growing number of international dermatologists. More Try the app for free! 1. Download the 5-Minute Clinical Consult app by Unbound Medicine. 2. Select Try/Buy and follow instructions to begin your free 30-day trial. You can cancel anytime within the 30-day trial, or continue using 5-Minute Clinical Consult to begin a 1-year subscription ($39.95) Grapherence® [↑5] Addison Disease