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My Ántonia quotes about the past

My Ántonia | Quotes. 1. More than any other person we remembered, this girl seemed to mean to us the country, the conditions, the whole adventure of our childhood. The unnamed narrator and Jim talk about the girl they both once knew, an immigrant girl named Ántonia Whatever we had missed, we possessed together the precious, the incommunicable past. ― Willa Cather, quote from My Ántonia I was something that lay under the sun and felt it, like the pumpkins, and I did not want to be anything more. I was entirely happy They agreed that Ántonia, more than any other person, seemed to represent the world they had grown up in, to the point that speaking her name evokes people and places and a quiet drama . . . in one's brain.. This quotation is important because it establishes that Ántonia will both evoke and symbolize the vanished past of Jim's. For Ántonia and for me, this had been the road of Destiny; had taken us to those early accidents of fortune which predetermined for us all that we can ever be. Now I understood that the same road was to bring us together again. Whatever we had missed, we possessed together the precious, the incommunicable past Jim and the other characters in My Ántonia struggle between living in the present and remembering the past. They share a common longing for the years and places left behind. To Jim, the past represents the lost innocence of his childhood, while to immigrants like the Shimerdas, the past means the friendlier, more familiar villages they left behind in Europe

My Ántonia Quotes Course Her

29+ quotes from My Ántonia by Willa Cathe

  1. While narrator-Jim is nostalgic for his childhood past, the character-Jim harbors a similarly romanticized view of the past belonging to the natural landscape. Days gone by always seem better than the present. I don't know, something has. Ántonia tossed her head and set her jaw
  2. My Ántonia is a novel published in 1918 by American writer Willa Cather, considered one of her best works. It is the final book of her prairie trilogy of novels, preceded by O Pioneers! and The Song of the Lark. The novel tells the stories of an orphaned boy from Virginia, Jim Burden, and the elder daughter in a family of Bohemian immigrants, Ántonia Shimerda, who are each brought as.
  3. Finally she said, I read a book once that ended with the words 'the incommunicable past' You can only share the past with someone who's shared it with you. So I can't explain to you what Mark was to me, exactly. I knew him a long time ago. ― S.E. Hinton, Te
  4. Start studying My Ántonia quotes. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools
  5. And he consoles himself by saying, Whatever we had missed, we possessed together the precious, the incommunicable past. Point of View My Ántonia is at once the story of Ántonia Shimerda, a.
  6. The best quotes from My Ántonia by Willa Cather - organized by theme, including book location and character - with an explanation to help you understand! My Ántonia Quotes | Shmoop JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser

The garden, curiously enough, was a quarter of a mile from the house, and the way to it led up a shallow draw past the cattle corral. Grandmother called my attention to a stout hickory cane, tipped with copper, which hung by a leather thong from her belt. This, she said, was her rattlesnake cane In My Ántonia, Willa Cather employs the varying features of the Nebraskan prairie as representations of the changes in Jim Burden's character, thus highlighting Jim's romanticism on the fleeting past. The red grass of the Nebraskan prairie, a sign of the pristineness of the prairie and a symbol of Jim's innocence, has gradually faded.

My Antonia Quotes. Quote 1: When talking about their childhood, the two men frequently mention their old friend, Antonia Shimerda, who seemed to mean to us the country, the conditions, the whole adventure of our childhood. Introduction, pg. 2. Quote 2: The well-preserved garden, full of flowers and vegetables, assures him that humans, when. Jim remembers the past so vividly, often lingering on only describing the beautiful aspects of his childhood home. Everything is so scenic, so picturesque, and it is unclear whether it truly was as beautiful as Jim describes it, or whether his fondness of his childhood home has warped the accuracy of his depictions of the landscape My Ántonia (/ ˈ æ n t ə n i ə / AN-tə-nee-ə) is a novel published in 1918 by American writer Willa Cather, considered one of her best works.. The novel tells the stories of an orphaned boy from Virginia, Jim Burden, and the elder daughter in a family of Bohemian immigrants, Ántonia Shimerda, who are each brought as children to be pioneers in Nebraska towards the end of the 19th century My Antonia Important Quotes. My Antonia By. Willa Cather Important Quotations 1. During that burning day when we were crossing Iowa, our talk kept returning to a central figure, a Bohemian girl whom we had both known long ago. More than any other person we remembered, this girl seemed to mean to us the country, the conditions... 1 246 word

My Ántonia: Important Quotes Explained SparkNote

  1. Ántonia Shimerda, though also a young, innocent creature in a raw country, is not bereft of the past as Jim Burden is. Ántonia's Bohemian ancestry is a part of her and exerts a decided influence.
  2. Learn about the different symbols such as Plough in My Ántonia and how they contribute to the plot of the book. Symbolism in Willa Cather's My Ántonia. Learn about the different symbols such as Plough in My Ántonia and how they contribute to the plot of the book. Quotes Symbols Themes Author Biography Suggested Reading Cite This Study.
  3. She said, America big country, much money, much land for my boys, much husband for my girls. Anton Cuzak seems to have drifted to Nebraska to keep away from the bad luck and trouble he seemed to have attracted in the past. Pavel and Peter were fugitives. The burgeoning country and economy provided many opportunities. The immigrant farmers.
  4. My Ántonia has been called nostalgic and elegiac because it celebrates the past. The inscription on the title page of My Ántonia is a quotation from Virgil: Optima dies prima fugit. This sentence, meaning the best days are first to flee, helps incorporate all the elements of the novel I would like to discuss
  5. A summary of Part X (Section6) in Willa Cather's My Ántonia. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of My Ántonia and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans
  6. able journey across the great midland plain of North America.. The first line of Jim Burden's narrative, establishing Nebraska in continental scale. There seemed to be nothing to see; no fences, no creeks or trees, no hills or fields

Thematically My Antonia lends itself to many stimulating topics for discussion such as: the American dream, the sense of place, the reverence for nature and art, the idealization of a past way of life, women's relations with men, the deceptive nature of material wealth, the individual in a hostile environment and what is the something. Loss of Brother Quotes. Oh, call my brother back to me! genuine comfort is found in hope for the future and memories of the past. These comforting quotes about death help us to treasure what we had while looking ahead to what comes after this life. My Ántonia. The night is thick, the night is tough.. My Ántonia Quotes There in the shelter draw-bottom the wind did not blow very hard, but I could hear it singing its humming tune up on a level, and I could see the tall grasses wave.pg. 14 This quote tells readers how even small things such as the soft blow of the wind can cause many things to happen, such as the humming of the wind and.

I'm reading Willa Cather's My Ántonia for the first time. I like Ántonia just fine so far, though I haven't yet reached Jim Burden's level of fascination with her. What I like best at this point is Cather's writing, which is graceful and evocative without being at all fussy, and is full of marvelously specific and sensual details about the land and the landscape of the novel A Change and Transformation Willa Cather's straightforward story of Antonia Shimerda, a Bohemian immigrant to Nebraska, parallels the change in the lives of the two principal characters with the transformation of the Great Plains. Antonia is fourteen when we first see her; Jim Burden ten. Both have been wrenched fro My Antonia Summary and Analysis of Book II, Chapters 10-15. Jim describes the social situation of the hired girls in this chapter. The hired girls from the country had generally made sacrifices in order to help their families survive their first year or two in a new country, and they were therefore less educated than their younger siblings.

My Antonia by Willa Cather

My Antonia Quotes Explanations with Page Numbers LitChart

Whatever we had missed, we possessed together the precious, the incommunicable past. ― Willa Cather, My Ántonia. Overall, I like this book. It made me re-ignite my interest in reading classics. 4 stars out of 5. . Have you alsa already read My Antonia or any of Willa Cather's books? What your favorite classics Throughout the novel My Antonia, Jim's nostalgia for the past is represented by nature, symbolic elements, and above all Antonia. The Nebraskan prairies are beautiful and picturesque and set the scene for a memorable story. My Ántonia is an exceptional novel, about much more than pioneers, prairies and immigrants. It is about heart.

The Past Theme in My Antonia LitChart

  1. Jan 23, 2020 - Photo of William Cather, Willa Cather's grandfather
  2. Whatever we had missed, we possessed together the precious, the incommunicable past. - Willa Cather, My Ántonia; So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past. - F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby; It is a truth universally that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife
  3. View My Ántonia Handout from ENGLISH MISC at Wylie H S. My Ántonia Study Sheet . Ántonia's eyes. I had seen no others like them since I looked into them last, though I had looked at so man
  4. This simple yet powerful statement is the quote chosen by Willa Cather to set the expectational theme for her 1918 novel My Ántonia. The classic adage translates to the best days are the first to flee, which perfectly expresses My Ántonia's general themes of longing, perception of the past, and fondness of memory

15th of 54 Memories Quotes Some memories are realities and are better than anything that can ever happen to one again. ― Willa Cather, My Ántonia What you remember saves you. ― W. S. Merwin There is no greater sorrow than to recall in misery the time when we were happy. ― Dante Alighier It's not an accident that the final three words of My Ántonia are the incommunicable past. Many thanks to Ashley Olson and Andre Jewell of the Willa Cather Foundation for providing the existing fragments ofHard Punishments. My Ántonia is the current Slate Academy's Year of Great Books selection. Check out their book club and.

The 20 Best My Antonia Quotes - Bookro

  1. g of age story told from the perspective of Jim Burden. In the novel, Jim reflects back on his life and childhood experiences, with a particular focus on time spent with his dear friend, Ántonia Shimerda. Throughout the story, Jim relates many areas of struggle and drama he witnessed as a boy growing up, especially those of his friends and family
  2. Character Analysis Mr. Shimerda. Mr. Shimerda, Ántonia's father, is the most tragic character in Cather's story and his life is short-lived on the prairie. But his legacy lives on in his daughter Ántonia, her children, and in his influence on Jim Burden. His earlier years in Europe reveal a sensitive, artistic, and respected man, but his life.
  3. d, this lady seemed to imply to us the country, the conditions, and the entire adventure of our youth.
  4. My Ántonia / Willa Sibert Cather. p. cm. - (The EMC Masterpiece Series Access Editions) Contents: My Ántonia - Introduction to the 1926 edition / by Willa Cather - Letter to Frances Samlund / by Anna Pavelka - [Excerpt] from History of the State of Nebraska / by William G. Cutter and A.T. Andreas - The Fir Tree / by Han

Historic book quotes provide us with some insights on the life of the past. Some of these quotes express emotions. It's a way where people can express their romantic side. Religious book quotes can nurture our faith. My Ántonia narrates the story of an orphaned boy, Jim and the elder daughter of Bohemian immigrants, Ántonia. 20. Seek. Jim and Ántonia have a reading lesson on the bank near the badger hole. They discuss the badger, how he is esteemed in Bohemia, and they rescue a frail green insect, which, in return for the warmth of Ántonia's hands, chirps for them. Ántonia is reminded of Old Hata, a beggar woman in Bohemia who dug herbs in the forest and sold them

Quotes from My Ántonia by Willa Cather LiteraryLadiesGuid

  1. g device. It is a preface for the novel, and it is written in a voice other than the one that narrates the body of the text. It is called a frame because it provides a very specific context for the novel itself, and it forces the reader to see the novel from a certain perspective
  2. Willa Cather's historical fiction novel My Antonia (1918) is the third in the Great Plains trilogy.Set in Nebraska at the end of the nineteenth-century, it tells the story of James Jim Quayle Burden, a ten-year-old orphaned boy from Virginia, and Antonia Shimerda, the daughter of Bohemian émigrés, both of whom are taken as children to become pioneers in Nebraska
  3. These quotes about nature from books will help you feel connected to the earth this year. The first Earth Day took place on April 22, 1970, and since then this celebration of our planet has taken.
25 Of The Best Quotes In Literature - Books, Etc

My Antonia: Top Ten Quotes Novelguid

One quick Google search of quotes will bring you to hundreds of lists, but in my humble opinion, none of these lists is even close to being complete. Just looking at my own personal collection of books, I realized I could do a list of the 1,000 most beautiful literary quotes by F. Scott Fitzgerald alone, and that would barely get us through The. Charity Quotes (2886 Quotes) He squandered too much in the heat of personal communication. —Willa Cather, My Ántonia >> More Willa Cather Quotations it had become, she knew, giving one last look at it over her shoulder, already the past.. Summer Quotes (1734 Quotes) This is reality, whether you like it or not--all those frivolities of summer, the light and shadow, the living mask of green that trembled over everything, they were lies, and this is what was underneath. —Willa Cather, My Ántonia >> More Willa Cather Quotations... Salt is added to dried rose petals with the.

Virgil's famous elegiac mode, producing My Antonia's characteristic narrative nostal-gia by severing the mundane present from a strong lost past (109). Swift maintains that the influence of the classics in Jim's life distorts his view of reality and creates or constitutes a split in Jim's world. Even Mary Ruth Ryder, in her appreciative treatmen Willa Cather's My Antonia (1918) is the story of both Antonia Shimerda, a Bohemian immigrant to the state of Nebraska in the 1880s, and the novel's American-born narrator, Jim Burden.The story is told as Jim relates his own image of Antonia in a nostalgic re-creation of his childhood and youth. Their wildly differing places in the social hierarchy account for their respective fortunes As Cather quotes that some memories are realities, she conveys an idea that people's relationship with their memories is so intimate that one's life can be molded, twisted, shattered, and mended by his or her past experiences. In My Antonia, Jim relies heavily on his past memories My Ántonia evokes the Nebraska prairie life of Willa Cather's childhood, and commemorates the spirit and courage of immigrant pioneers in America. One of Cather's earliest novels, written in 1918, it is the story of Ántonia Shimerda, who arrives on the Nebraska frontier as part of a family of Bohemian emigrants described in My Ántonia, differs from the Nebraska where he returns as an adult to find Ántonia. Jim experiences the transition of place in part because Nebraska is no longer his home. Additionally, the culture of Nebraska evolves beyond the former frontier land of the past with homesteaders like Jim's grandparents. Immigrants, like Ántonia

My Ántonia is written in the past tense and from the perspective of an adult Jim. Everything in the novel is therefore filtered through Jim's older and wiser adult personality and understanding. For example, in this chapter, Jim's description of his grandparents is very respectful and reverent, and it is obviously written by someone who has. Over a full year after reading (and loving) My Ántonia, I have finally picked up another book by Willa Cather. Set in 1851 primarily in New Mexico, Death Comes for the Archbishop is a story of religion, a clash of cultures, the deceiving concept of the American identity, and living in the present by embracing the past.When Father Jean Marie Latour leaves Europe to become the Apostolic Vicar. Jan 7, 2013 - My Antonia book. Read 7,706 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Originally published in 1918, Cather's highly-praised novel is a port.. There is nothing I can do well if I have not eaten well. 182 quotes from My Ántonia (Great Plains Trilogy, #3): â Whatever we had missed, we possessed together the precious, the incommunicable past.â Whether we like it or not, failure is a necessary stepping stone to building our dreams. by

Essay on My Antonia Important Quotes - 1235 Word

''Jus' let me get out to California where I can pick me an orange when I want it. Or grapes. There's a thing I ain't never had enough of. Gonna get me a whole big bunch of grapes off a bush, or whatever, an' I'm gonna squash 'em on my face an' let 'em run offen my chin.' Nature Quotes. A human being is a part of the whole called by us universe, a part limited in time and spaceOur task must be to free ourselves from this prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature in its beauty.. - Albert Einstein 1918, Willa Cather, My Ántonia, Book 5, Chapter 1, [11] I told Ántonia I would come back, but life intervened , and it was twenty years before I kept my promise. ( transitive, intransitive ) To say (something) in the middle of a conversation or discussion between other people, or to respond to a situation involving other people Willa Cather (1873-1947), the Pulitzer Prize-winning author of more than fifteen books, is widely considered one of the major fiction writers of the twentieth century. She grew up in Nebraska and is best known for her depictions of frontier life on the Great Plains in novels such as O Pioneers!, My Ántonia, and Song of the Lark.In 1944 she was awarded the American Academy of Arts and. Widely recognized as Willa Cather's finest book and one of the outstanding novels of American literature, My Antonia details of the life of early American pioneers in Nebraska. Through Jim Burden's endearing, smitten voice, we revisit the remarkable vicissitudes of immigrant life in the Nebraska heartland, with all its insistent bonds

Lunch and Learn: The Bible in American Pop Culture. There is much talk about the United States quickly becoming a post-Christian nation. Over the past two decades, church membership has been slowly declining and biblical literacy is plummeting even among churchgoers. Despite these trends, American pop culture, interestingly enough, remains. In Alice Doesn't, Teresa de Lauretis discusses the work on plot typology of the Soviet semiotician Jurij Lotman in ways that correspond closely to my reading of My Ántonia.According to Lotman, plot originates in what de Lauretis calls a text-generating mechanism that is coextensive with the origin of culture itself (116); elsewhere, de Lauretis quotes Barthes's similar remark that. 1918, Willa Cather, My Ántonia, Mirado Modern Classics, paperback edition, page 15 The garden, curiously enough, was a quarter of a mile from the house, and the way to it led up a shallow draw past the cattle corral. (slang, countable) A bag of cannabis. 2011, Yvonne Ellis, Daughter, Arise: A Journey from Devastation to Restoration (page 54 The land bears reminders of the past, whether in the unknown traces of the native people, or in the vividly remembered images of childhood. This is a central theme of the novel, identified by the narrator as the precious, the incommunicable past (My Ántonia 238)

My Ántonia Memory and the Past Shmoo

My Ántonia has been called nostalgic and elegiac because it celebrates the past. The inscription on the title page of My Ántonia is a quotation from Virgil: Optima dies prima fugit. This sentence, meaning the best days are first to flee, helps incorporate all the elements of the novel I The Lovesong Of J Alfred Prufrock Quote Analysis. Alfred Prufrock, identifies the downfalls of society. Authenticity of character and a willingness to make a decision lie in extinction because of a lack of confidence, I have measured out my life with coffee spoons;/I know the voices dying with a dying fall/Beneath the music from a farther room My Ántonia (Chap. 1.2) and the way to it led up a shallow draw past the cattle corral. Grandmother called my attention to a stout hickory cane, tipped with copper, which hung by a leather. Whatever we had missed, we possessed together the precious, the incommunicable past. —My Ántonia by Willa Cather. Suggested by juleigha. 32. She says nothing at all, but simply stares.

Joe Christmas Quotes And Analysis 456 Words | 2 Pages. In the final chapters we learn more about Joe Christmas' past, how his mother was to have her child alone and died in the process of childbirth. From the beginning Joe Christmas has had to face hardships because after the death of his mother his grandfather did not even want him But in my opinion, the last line is what truly leaves the reader with a everlasting memory of the book. Here are some powerful and Famous Last Lines From Books. 40 UNFORGETTABLE AND FAMOUS LAST LINES FROM BOOKS So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past. - The Great Gatsby, F.Scott Fitzgeral Begin: My Ántonia is the final novel in Willa Cather's Great Plains trilogy.O Pioneers! and Song of the Lark are the first two. My Ántonia was published in 1918 and is set in Black Hawk, Nebraska, and surrounding areas from 1880-1910.. Willa Cather based Black Hawk on Red Cloud, Nebraska, where she grew up

What are You Studying? Search. Ask Question Novelguide Room My Antonia follows the endeavors of the female protagonist, Antonia, and her foil, Lena, as they struggle in a new country, language, and culture seeking happiness and fulfillment in their lives which Cather so often observed in her childhood immigrant neighbors

Quotes from book My Ántonia (Willa Cather) Quotes of

I wasn't floating on my little raft in the present; there were bridges that led over to solid ground. Yes, the past is another country, but one that we can visit, and once there we can bring back the things we need. My Ántonia (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009), 196. buy on Amazon My Ántonia (Book) : Cather, Willa : The reminiscences of a New York lawyer, Jim Burden, about his boyhood in Nebraska, particularly a young Bohemian girl named Antonia Shimerda, are set against the backdrop of the American assimilation immigrants The Prairie Life. My Antonia, written by Willa Cather, is one of the most recognizable stories of both immigrant and prairie life.Published in 1918, the novel is the last in what has been called. The Prairie. In Willa Cather's My Á ntonia, nostalgia marks both the ambience of the novel and its critical focus. No romantic novel ever written in America, by man or woman, is one half so beautiful as My Ántonia.--H. character. Musik-Downloads. The Past. My Antonia tells the story of several immigrant families who move to rural Nebraska

My Antonia Quotes (7 quotes) - goodreads

(My Ántonia was nominated but did not receive the prize.) Body of Work: Willa Cather has made her place on the literary stage, with a body of works that includes novels, poetry, and short fiction. Her presence as a notable author on the stage of American literature is impressive and unforgettable Gatsby is a remarkable character due to his endless determination and ambition. Gatsby came from nothing and was still able to build a vast fortune. yet we find out that all of Gatsby's greatness arises from his tireless pursuit of one idealized vision - Daisy. in this scene Gatsby finally comes face-to-face with the purpose around which he built his life My Ántonia-Willa Cather 2019-04-01T18:44:12Z Written in the style of a memoir, My Ántonia chronicles Jim Burden's friendship with the daughter of a Czech immigrant family. Recently orphaned, he moves west to Nebraska to live with his grandparents. Riding the same train is the Shimerda family, who are also on their way to settle in the area

My Ántonia quotes Flashcards Quizle

Sourced quotations by the American Essayist Willa Cather (1873 — 1947) about people, life and man - Page 7. Enjoy the best Willa Cather quotes and picture quotes Read Online Great Quotes From Great Women Great Quotes IMPACTFUL BLACK BOOKS OF THE PAST 50 YEARS In a life filled with meaning and accomplishment, Michelle Obama has emerged as one of the most iconic and compelling women of our era. As First Lady of the United States of America--the first African American to serve in that role--she helped. Just over a century ago Willa Cather penned this elegant and succinct coming-of-age story of pioneering and new immigrants to this land. While historically-rooted it is also a timeless reflection of powerful changes like the impact of railroads in Indigenous displacement and where we are today regarding divisions of class, gender roles, and xenophobia with contemporary immigrants Willa Sibert Cather (/ ˈ k æ ð ər /; born Wilella Sibert Cather; December 7, 1873 - April 24, 1947) was an American writer known for her novels of life on the Great Plains, including O Pioneers!, The Song of the Lark, and My Ántonia.In 1923, she was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for One of Ours, a novel set during World War I.. Willa Cather and her family moved from Virginia to Webster.

My Antonia In the past, critics have ad moralized and/or brutalized every writer they could get their pen on. Word Count: 730 Antonia immigrates as a girl with her family from Bohemia to a homestead on the open plains. In-depth explanations of My Ántonia's themes My antonia essays. Posted on October 29, 2020 by Leave a comment | My antonia essays. the Lark, and My Ántonia. They are tinged with her characteristic straightforward language, reverence for nature, and nostalgia, even as she acknowledges the hardships of the past. Published in 1918 to great enthusiasm, My Ántonia is considered one of Cather's finest works and a defining point in her identity as a writer. This book is part. friendship Quotes. 100+ of the best book quotes about friendship and the true heart in her; she was, oh, she was still my Ántonia! Street, where he marched in the back door, past Lydia's room and the maids fussing in the kitchen, up the back stairs past the maids' rooms, to my room and my bathroom, where he closed himself in and.

My Antonia Themes - eNotes

Name Willa Cather: 4: followers: Biography: Willa Sibert Cather was an American author who grew up in Nebraska. She is best known for her depictions of frontier life on the Great Plains in novels such as O Pioneers!, My Ántonia, and The Song of the Lark.Willa Cather was born in 1873 on a.. My Ántonia, first published 1918, is one of Willa Cather's greatest works.It is the last novel in the Prairie trilogy, preceded by O Pioneers! and The Song of the Lark.My Ántonia tells the stories of several immigrant families who move out to rural Nebraska to start new lives in America, with a particular focus on a Bohemian family, the Shimerdas, whose eldest daughter is named Ántonia The reader meets Ántonia Shimerda through a written account from the narrator, Jim Burden, a young man who moves to the fictional town of Black Hawk, Neb., to live with his grandparents. Through Jim's lens of love and infatuation, Ántonia is brought to life as a young Bohemian girl with many trials and triumphs If you like thought-provoking quotes as much as I do, you might sometime run across one by the eloquent Lin Yutang. I find that I did have a quote by him about autumn in my files, so that is probably how he came under my radar recently, long enough for me to decide to borrow his book The Importance of Living from the library. It was in the closed stacks, and looks old and Chinese