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1920 Communist Party

The Party was founded in 1919—actually, for almost two years there were two parties, both splits from the Socialist Party, the differences being when each group split and exactly what issues were crucial for them. The two groups merged in 1921, encouraged by the Communist International—there are some scenes in Reds that cover this. The Communist Party is based on the historic Communist Manifesto of Marx and Engels. The Communist Party bases its conditions of membership on the acceptance of the following cardinal principles: 1. The complete overthrow of capitalism and the establishment of Communism. 2. The class struggle. 3. The dictatorship of the proletariat. 4 1920: The Communist Party - Provisional Resolutions towards a Programme Pankhurst's programme for the new British Communist Party was expressive of the ultra-left tendency that criticised working within the existing bourgeois structures of trade union bureaucracies and parliamentary parties

Communism in the 1920's - Communist Party US

1920: The Communist Party - Provisional Resolutions

  1. The Communist Party of America issued its first manifesto in September 1919. In 1920, plagued by internal factionalism and attacked by the U.S. Justice Department, the party went underground. However, it reappeared in 1923 rejuvenated and united but nevertheless failed to gain a large membership
  2. or antagonisms and jealousies to bitter competition for the role of Lenin's successor - deeply divided the Bolshevik (renamed Communist in 1918) party.
  3. Gitlow, attracted English-speaking radicals. Under pressure from the Communist International (Co
  4. It was in the whirlwind of revolution and counter-revolution that the foundations of the German Communist Workers Party were laid. But the birth of the new party doesn't date from Easter 1920, when the opposition, which up to then had only been united through vague contacts, came together in an organisational sense
  5. When the Iron Curtain fell, in 1991 The Communist Party of Great Britain called it a day and disbanded. It was some fall for the party that in the aftermath of the Second World War counted 56,000 paying members. Founded in 1920, the CPGB was headquartered at 16 King Street, in London's, Covernt Garden
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Over the past 20 years, the Communist Party USA and the Young Communist League have changed their stance on the issue of LGBTQ rights. Unfortunately, as a result of the Lavender Scare of the 1950s accompanied by McCarthyism, homophobia, and transphobia, the CPUSA did not always hold favorable opinions of its LGBTQ cadre The Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) was the largest communist party in Great Britain between 1920 and 1991. Founded in 1920 through a merger of several smaller Marxist parties, the CPGB gained the support of many socialist organisations and trade unions following the political fallout of the First World War and the Russian October Revolution.. In December 1920 these tensions finally resulted in a split within the Socialist Party between the minority (SFIO), which rejected the twenty-one conditions of the Third International, and the majority (SFIC), which later became the French Communist Party (PCF), which accepted them

Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA), also called Communist Party USA, left-wing political party in the United States that was, from its founding in 1919 until the latter part of the 1950s, one of the country's most important leftist organizations 1920: The founding of United Communist Party and factional issues Military Intelligence Division Undercover Surveillance Report of the Communist Labor Party [events of Dec. 30, 1919 to Jan. 2, 1920] Report to UCP Executive Secretary Alfred Wagenknecht in New York from William Costley , United Communist Party in San Francisco, April 6, 192 The Communist Party in the 1920s For the last 46 years the Communist Party has played a part in left-wing politics in Britain out of all proportion to its membership and electoral support. Other left-wing Socialist groups, organizations, campaigns and journals have come and gone The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) was founded in the early 1920s by intellectuals who were influenced by the Western ideas of anarchism and Marxism. They were inspired by the 1918 Bolshevik Revolution in Russia and by the May Fourth Movement, which swept across China at the end of World War I . At the time of the CCP's founding, China was a.

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) was founded in 1921 by writers and political activists who had participated in the May Fourth Movement. Seeking an alternative path for China's political development, these men turned to the writings of Karl Marx and the example provided by Bolshevik revolutionaries in Russia (III) —The United Communist Party of America (UCP) On April 18, 1920, C.E. Ruthenberg resigned as National Executive Secretary of the (old) Communist Party of America and, together with Jay Lovestone, I.E. Ferguson, and a circle of largely anglophonic supporters, departed to constitute themselves as an independent group in preparation for unity with the Communist Labor Party. This. Or as James Weinstein, a bitter detractor, wrote: From the early 1930s until 1956 or so, the Communist Party was not only the largest and best organized party on the Left, but for all practical purposes it was the socialist left. The Party on the Shop Floor. Communist work in the 1920s and early 1930s contributed to later growth OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF GREAT BRITAIN, 1920-9 By Henry Pelling, M.A., Ph.D. READ 9 MARCH 1957 HE Communist Party of Great Britain, like the Com-munist Parties of most other European countries, was founded shortly after the Russian Bolshevik revolution. It was unique among the Communist Parties of the major coun

The United Communist Party was formed at a convention held in Bridgman, Michigan, from May 26-31, 1920. It merged the Communist Labor Party of America with a minority faction of the Communist Party of America. Official Organs. The Official Organ of the United Communist Party was a newspaper called The Communist The Communist Party, as the vanguard of the revolution, should always be at least one step ahead of the development of the masses. just as the Communist Party was already conscious of the necessity of revolution at a time when the broad masses felt at most a vague dissatisfaction with their situation, so consciousness of the realm of freedom. History of Communist Party 1920-2020 . The Formation of Communist Party of India (Marxist) THE Seventh Congress of the Communist Party was held from October 31 to November 7, in Calcutta. This Congress marked the culmination of the struggle against revisionism within the united Party. It marked a programmatic, organisational and ideological.

Communist Party USA - Wikipedi

Greet the Dawn! - Labour Party Election Posters from the

The Communist Party USA (CPUSA) is infiltrating the Democratic Party across the country. Communists, some openly, some secretly, are working in Democratic campaigns, holding Democratic Party leadership positions, and even running for public office on the Democratic Party ballot line. and around the 1920's The Frankfurt School Of Germany. Communist Party Platform. We are committed to the overthrow of the presently existing, oppressive Republic and all of its economic and social institutions. The abolition of private property. The establishment of land reform programs, so that the government can take over the land and distribute it for the common good 35 Communist Propaganda Posters Illustrate The Art And Ideology Of Another Time. Propaganda posters were among the most significant tools for influencing public opinion in the Soviet Union. The text that accompanied each poster was a clear and explicit message for the public, while the use of specific techniques (photo manipulation, deformity.

THE COMNMUNIST PARTY OF AMERICA membership figure

(Some Communist leaders believe the world can be taken over as easily by the U.N. as by Moscow. Sometimes these two centers compete with each other as they are now doing in the Congo.) 12. Resist any attempt to outlaw the Communist Party. 13. Do away with all loyalty oaths. 14. Continue giving Russia access to the U.S. Patent Office. 15 Ruthenberg, general secretary of the CPA, wrote in the April 1920 issue of The Communist that to be a party of action, the Communists must participate in the everyday struggles of the workers. Mao and the Chinese Communist Party. In September 1920 Mao became principal of the Lin Changsha primary school, and in October he organized a branch of the Socialist Youth League there.That winter he married Yang Kaihui, the daughter of his former ethics teacher. In July 1921 he attended the First Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, together with representatives from the other communist.

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This was followed by the formation of the Communist Party of India on 17 October 1920 at Tashkent. The seven members were M. N. Roy, Evelyn Roy-Trent, Abani Mukherjee, Rosa Fitingov, Mohammad Ali, Mohamad Shafiq and Acharya. Shafiq was elected as the secretary of the party, Roy as secretary of the party's Bureau based in socialist Turkestan. The CCP congress in July 1921 was held in this building in Shanghai. The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) was founded in 1921 by writers and political activists who had participated in the May Fourth Movement.Seeking an alternative path for China's political development, these men turned to the writings of Karl Marx and the example provided by Bolshevik revolutionaries in Russia Further proof of the Shanghai group's intent to launch a communist party in November 1920, to coincide with the anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution, is the group's completion that month of. On July 21, 1921, the first meeting of the Chinese Communist Party was held in Shanghai. Chen Duxiu, a leader in China's 1911 revolution, founder of New Youth, and a leader in the May Fourth Movement, was cofounder of the CCP along with Li Dazhao. Chen became the first general secretary and argued that a complete overhaul of the feudal.

Communism in Germany, 1920-1930. T his is a 148 MB PDF Download of the 1933 book Communism in Germany! The Truth about the Communist Conspiracy on the Eve of the National Revolution by Adolf Ehrt. The Russia No. 1 Report shows just what the German people feared about jewish Bolshevism (November 1920) Dear comrades! This manifesto has been decided upon by the Chinese Communist Party in November of last year. The content of this Manifesto is only one part concerning the principles of Communism, and because of this, has not been externally published, however, this is a standard for accepting Party members. The Chinese origina

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Initially known as the Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA), the party changed its name to the South African Communist Party (SACP) in 1953, after it had been forced underground. The formation of the CPSA in 1921 was a turning point in the development of labour politics in South Africa. The organised labour movement until the 1920s consisted. The Ten Planks of the Communist Party By the Jewish Journalist Mordechai Levi, via the nom de plume of Karl Marx In the early 1960's during the days of the former Soviet Union, Russian Premier Nikita Kruschev pounded his shoe on the podium of the United Nations and shouted to the West, We will bury you Founded in 1901, the Socialist Party grew rapidly, claiming 113,000 members in 1912, making it, briefly, one of the largest socialist movements in the world. The SP won more than 900,000 votes in elections in 1912 and again in 1920. The movement's strength was evident also in the hundreds of party affiliated newspapers and the election of mayors, council members, and other officials in more.

Azerbaijan Communist Party (1920) - Wikipedi

What became the Communist Party U.S.A. (its name varied in the early years) was founded in Chicago in 1919 and, following a period of underground organization, opened its national headquarters in. During the 1920s, Jews formed the American Communist Party's most important base of support. The party's Jewish Federation, its Yiddish-speaking section, claimed around 2,000 members or 10% of the party's overall membership in mid-decade. Yet that figure hardly conveys the extent of Jewish involvement with Communism during the 1920s From its inception, the Communist Party USA came under attack from the FBI and Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer for defying the Sedition Act of 1918. Consequently, the Communist Party USA went underground and went through name changes to evade the authorities. During the early 1920s, the party apparatus was, to a great extent, underground The Proletarian Party was not amenable to the formation of a legal Workers Party of America (WPA) by the Communist Party in late 1921. It declined to participate in the new organization. On March 29, 1923, the Executive Committee of the Communist International requested that the PPA liquidate itself and that its members join the WPA

The Communist Party of India was founded in the 1920s to create an alternative mass movement to the existing Congress anti-imperialist movement. The communist movement grew out of economic causes and targeted the propertied classes whether British or Indian. The revolt was not against the colonial government and the ruling Congress Party. Rise of Communism. -In 1920 there was no central authority in China. - In 1921 the Communist Party was founded. - Nationalists and Communists were now both in China. - In 1923 Nationalists and Communists formed an alliance. - Alliance formed to impose warloads and drive impearlist powers of China The Communist Vol. II #5 May 8, 1920 by Communist Party of America (Minority Group) Publication date 1968 Topics Communism -- Periodicals. Publisher New York, N.Y. : Greenwood Reprint Corp Collection folkscanomy_politics; folkscanomy; additional_collections Contributor dudeman5685 Interview by. For decades, the French Communist Party (PCF) was among the strongest left parties in Western Europe. If it didn't exert the same intellectual influence abroad as its Italian counterpart, it still commanded the loyalty of millions of workers — winning over 20 percent of the vote as late as 1978 — and dictated many of the terms on which the more moderate French Socialist. Moreover, the movement was the foundation for the forming of the Communist Party of China (CCP). During the 1920's, China was divided in a power struggle began between the CCP and KMT. The KMT controlled a majority of China with a strong base in urban areas while the CCP displaying smallholdings in rural communities

African National Congress Timeline 1920-1929. The ANC in the 1920s was largely weakened and suffered from both organisation incapacity and financial constraints. During this period, the party attempted to reinvigorate itself by changing its name from the SANNC to the ANC, adopting a national anthem and a flag, and significantly adopting the. Scholars have long held that the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) was a centralized organization from its founding in 1921. In a departure from that view, From Friend to Comrade demonstrates how the CCP began as a group of study societies, only evolving into a mass Marxist-Leninist party by 1927. Hans J. van de Ven's study is based on party documents of the 1920s that have only recently become. As a young man in Paris, Ho Chi Minh embraced a radical internationalism. Nguyen-Ai-Quoc (the later known as Ho Chi Minh) speaking at the foundational congress of the French Communist Party in December 1920. Michael Goebel. To celebrate Bastille Day and the French Revolution, yearlong print subscriptions are just $7.89 today

Italian Communist Party - Wikipedi

Klement Gottwald, Klement Gottwald (1896-1953) was one of the founders of the Czechoslovak Communist Party. He masterminded the coup d'état by which the Communists sei Chou En-lai, Chou En-lai (1898-1976) was a Chinese Communist leader and premier of the People's Republic of China. From the 1920s on Chou was among the top leader Zhou Enlai, Zhou Enlai Zhou Enlai Huaian, Kiangsu province. Communist Party of Burma flag (1946-1969).png 326 × 217; 4 KB Communist Party of Ireland.png 900 × 600; 33 KB Communist Party of Yugoslavia Flag-cyr (1920-1952).png 600 × 300; 13 K The Communist Party would have us hold that the First Amendment prohibits Congress from requiring the registration and filing of information, including membership lists, by organizations substantially dominated or controlled by the foreign powers controlling the world Communist movement and which operate primarily to advance the objectives of. An émigré Communist Party emerged in October 1920 in Taskent. It was the combined impact of the wartime and post-war experiences of political transition as exiles, the Peshawar and Bolshevik conspiracy cases along with militant labour movements of the early 1920s in India which produced activists who were identifiably Left in their.

Formation of the Communist Party of India at Tashkent (1920

National Socialism and Fascism were REACTIONS to Communism which started much earlier. There would be no need for the German Brownshirts in Germany in the 1920's and 30's if the KPD, the German communist party used only legal means to try to obtain power, but they did not, they employed terrorist groups to attempt to seize power in Germany, which is why, if National Socialism was to. The German Communist Party was founded at the end of WWI by socialists who opposed the war. It was led by Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht. In 1920, the KAPD (Communist Worker's Party of Germany) was born due to a split from within the party. During the period of the Weimar Republic, the KPD (Communist Party of Germany) became more. The opening of archives in recent years makes it possible to reassess the membership of the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) before 1945. The revised aggregate figures, while not startling, suggest that revisions to established views of the effects of the General Strike, the shift to the 'new line' and the popular front, are in order Steve Smith. The Chinese Communist Party turns 100 as a party of power in one of the world's most important states. It's been a long road from the CCP's early years as a band of revolutionary outlaws that narrowly escaped obliteration by its enemies. Mao Zedong addressing a group of his followers during the Chinese Civil War in 1944 Radicals, Revolutionaries and Exiles: Mexico City in the 1920s by Barry Carr In the interwar era, cities across the Americas became hubs in transnational networks that linked radicals and revolutionaries of all kinds: anarchists, Wobblies, Socialists, Communists, Garveyites, political exiles and vanguard intellectuals

Communist Party of Indonesia. (Partai Komunis Indonesia; CPI), founded May 23, 1920, out of the Social Democratic Federation, which was formed on the island of Java in 1914. In its first years the party experienced serious difficulties in growth; its policy was adversely affected by leftist deviations, expressed particularly in the slogan of. The Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) had been declared illegal by the Dutch following uprisings in 1926-27; it was officially reestablished on Oct. 21, 1945, when an independent Indonesia was proclaimed after World War II. The communists resumed political activities, and some of their leaders held high. Read More. opposition by Suharto The Communist Party of Australia (CPA) was founded in 1920 and dissolved in 1991.The CPA achieved its greatest political strength in the 1940s and faced an attempted ban in 1951. Though it never presented a major challenge to the established order in Australia, it did have a (relatively) large membership and a significant influence on the trade unions, social movements, and the national culture

In 1920 half of all Communist Party members were in the army. During the world war, the British establishment justified Allied Intervention inside Russia on the need to beat the Central Powers. But Allied victory over Germany in November 1918 did not lead to withdrawal. Instead it increased hostility to soviet power The KPD fielded candidates in the 1920 election but won just two per cent of the vote and only four Reichstag seats. A change of fortunes. The KPD's fortunes changed in late 1920 for two reasons. Firstly, the party came under the direction of the Communist International (or Comintern) in Moscow, which provided tactical and organisational advice The Communist Vol. II #4 May 1, 1920 Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. The Communist Vol. II #4 May 1, 1920 by Communist Party of America (1919-1921) Publication date 1968 Topics Communism -- Periodicals. Publisher New York, N.Y. : Greenwood Reprint Corp Collectio As a Communist Party on the Russian model split from the Socialist Party, and the IWW went into a sharp decline, the radical movement in general slipped into the doldrums in the 1920s. With the onset of the Great Depression in 1929, however, faith in American capitalism went into a tail-spin, and the fortunes of the radical movement revived

Communist Party The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and

A new single volume history of the Communist Party of Great Britain examining the party from its foundations in 1920 to its demise in the early 1990s. Drawing on original research and a reading of specialist texts, the authors analyze the rise and fall of the party and evaluate its role on the left of British politics He was the absolute ruler of the Soviet Union and later of the Communist bloc in Eastern Europe. He rose to this unprecedented level of power due to his capabilities and understanding of the workings of the Communist Party. Stalin translated these strengths into total control of the Soviet Union after the Russian Civil War (1917-1920) The first Red Scare climaxed in 1919 and 1920, including the 1949 conviction of 12 prominent leaders of the American Communist Party on charges that they had advocated the overthrow of the. By the 1920s, she had joined the Communist Party of the United States and became instrumental in the Friends of the Soviet Union. Then, in June of 1937, Poyntz left her hotel room in New York City to meet a Communist friend in Central Park but after entering the park she was abducted and then disappeared without a trace In 1935, Johnson ran as the Communist Party's Candidate for New York's 22nd Congressional District for the U.S. House of Representatives. From 1936 to 1939, he served on the Party's National Committee, National Trade Union Commission, and Negro Commission. Despite his notable status, Johnson left the Communist Party in 1939

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On March 9, 1918, the ascendant Bolshevik Party formally changes its name to the All-Russian Communist Party. It was neither the first nor the last time the party would alter its name to reflect a. The Communist Vol. II #5 May 15, 1920 Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. Share to Twitter. Share to Facebook. Share to Reddit. Share to Tumblr The Communist Party of America is not a secret band of plotters. We do not desire to conceal a single one of our objects from the great working class of America. It is an infamous lie that we Communists organize campaigns of bomb throwing, dynamiting, and sabotage. On the contrary, we Communists, as all of our manifestos, books,. The party accepted the name the United States Communist Party of America in January 1920. On June 12, 1920, The Communist appeared as the official organ of the United Communist Party of America. Communist Labor (New York) Official organ of the Communist Labor Party of America Issue number 5, May 1, 1920 (Goldwater no. 54) Only six issues of this underground organ of the Communist Labor Party of America (CLP) were produced, the first dated December 6, 1919 and the last dated May 15, 1920

Stalin and the Communist Party in the 1920s History Toda

  1. A series of articles produced by regular Weekly Worker contributor William Sarsfield on the formation of the Communist Party of Great Britain in 1920, the events preceding and the immediate challenges it faced in a highly turbulent period that would go on to reshape the entire working class movement in Britain. This is an incredibly valuable resource for anyone interested in the the formation.
  2. The Communist Party formalized this cult through youth organizations such as the Komsomol, Young Pioneers, and Little Octobrists. Much as Lenin did in his 1920 speech to the Komsomol, this cult relied on a juxtaposition between true Communist children and everyone else
  3. Explain the functioning of the Communist Party of India from 1920 to 1950. (All India 2009) Answer: In 1920 Communist Party of India (CPI) was inspired by the Bolshevik Revolution of Russia and it advocated socialism as the solution to all problems affecting the country. CPI worked under the umbrella of Congress from 1935 with different ideologies
  4. ority faction of the Communist Party of America. Official Organ. The Official Organ of the United Communist Party was a newspaper called The Communist
  5. In 1917 the South African International Socialist League was the only revolutionary socialist organization on the continent (followed in 1920 by the Communist Party of Egypt). The League had opposed World War I and formed the first black trade unions in the country, led by T.W. Thibedi, Johnny Gomas, and Hamilton Kraai

The IWW had been organized in 1905, grew into a radical, direct-action wing of American socialism by 1910, and had up to 100,000 workers by 1915. By 1917, Socialist Party membership had slipped to 80,000. Nevertheless, by 1920 Debs managed to garner 919,800 votes for his presidential candidacy, the most a socialist has ever received in America. The Communist Party in Germany (KPD) peaked with 16.9% of the vote in the November 1932 elections before Hitler came to power in 1933 and subsequently banned all political parties other than the NSDAP. 3. The first Nazi concentration camp opened at Dachau in March 1933 to imprison political opponents of the Nazi regime Though Lewis had in the 1920s ruthlessly purged Communists and other militants from the UMW, the mass upsurge of unionization and strikes led him to the conclusion that, in order to organize industrial unions in Auto, Steel and Rubber, he would have to bring in the best organizers. The best organizers were members of the Communist Party

The Communist Party ascribed to itself the role of guardian, but youth needed their own organization and leaders. This was what the Komsomol intended to provide. From its founding congress in October 1918 until 1924, the organization was formally known as the Russian Communist Union of Youth COMMUNIST PARTY OF GREAT BRITAIN, 1920-1945* ANDREW THORPE University of Exeter A B S T RA C T. The opening of 'archives in recentyears makes it possible to reassess the membership of' the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) before I945. The revised aggregatefigures, while no

It did not capture the old party's apparatus or main press organs, as its French sister party had in December 1920, though it did seize control of local newspapers such as Il Lavoratore in Trieste, a major center of communist organization thanks to its large Serbo-Croat-speaking population. It also retained a smattering of local councils and MPs Communist Party of India 1920 was started in 1925 with the purpose of fighting for the cause of the workers. The Workers' Party of India (WPI) had been formed in 1932 as an alternative to the Rashtriya Jana Sangh. At that time, the working class had not yet become a significant part of the Indian polity In 1927 Gumede became president of the ANC, and spent some time in the Soviet Union. The ANC began to work together with the Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA) on some of their campaigns, until Gumede lost the presidency in 1930 and the ANC officially rejected communism. Seme took over as president, and tried to bring the ANC back to its. Great Purge: A campaign of political repression in the Soviet Union from 1936 to 1938 that involved a large-scale purge of the Communist Party and government officials, repression of peasants and the Red Army leadership, widespread police surveillance, suspicion of saboteurs, imprisonment, and arbitrary executions

After the Russian Revolution of 1917, Vladimir Lenin, founder of the Russian Communist Party, took control of the Soviet Union. When Lenin died of a stroke in 1924, Joseph Stalin propelled his way. The new party returned to Guangzhou in China in 1920 where it set up a government but failed to achieve control of all of China. After the death of Yuan Shikai in 1916, China fractured into many regions controlled by warlords. To strengthen the party's position, it accepted aid and support for the Soviet Union and its Comintern Peaky Blinders makes a star of radical 1920s firebrand Jessie Eden. This article is more than 3 years old. BBC gang drama series draws on the extraordinary life of a passionate Communist trade. Major Communist parties include the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1912-91), the Communist Party of China (1921-ON), the Workers' Party of Korea (1949-ON), and the Communist Party of Cuba (1965-ON). Term coined by Mussolini in the 1920s when he gained control of Italy The Communist Party's old headquarters in Covent Garden is now a bank. In November 1991, shortly before the CPGB was wound up, its members were shocked by revelations that between 1956 and the. Originally drafted in 1920, the Nazi Party platform (see the reading National Socialist German Workers' Party Platform) reflects a cornerstone of Nazi ideology: the belief in race science and the superiority of the so-called Aryan race (or German blood). For the Nazis, so-called German blood determined whether one was considered a.